One of the best places to start is with your diet. Research shows that our gut microbiome — or the trillions of microorganisms that live in the intestinal tract — is directly linked to immune health.
Here are four healthy, nutritionist-approved recipes to strengthen your immune system this winter:
There’s truth behind the saying: “Eat the rainbow.” Recent studies have found that phytonutrients, which are minimally processed — and often colorful — plant foods, can support proper immune balance and function.
Maya Feller, a dietitian and author of the forthcoming book “Eating From Our Roots,” is a fan of soup joumou. Native to Haitian cuisine, this dish is often made with squash, beef and assorted vegetables.
“Not only is it representative of my culture and heritage, it’s also rich in phytonutrients and fiber,” says Feller, whose approach to nutrition is to make food more inclusive and reflective of the diverse world we live in.
For the soup:
- 1 pound boneless beef chuck, cut into 1-inch cubes
- 1/2 cup Epis seasoning
- 3/4 cup lime juice
- 3/4 cup olive oil
- 1 onion, diced
- 3 garlic cloves, minced
- 3 celery ribs, diced
- 2 scallions, diced
- 1 bunch parsley, chopped
- 1 shallot, chopped
- 2 tomatoes, roughly chopped
- 8 cups low-sodium chicken broth
- 1 winter squash, peeled and cut into 3-inch cubes
- 5 medium potatoes, roughly chopped
- 5 carrots, roughly chopped
- 1 habanero pepper
For the dumplings:
- 1 1/2 cups Einkorn flour
- 1/4 teaspoon baking powder
- 1 teaspoon extra virgin olive oil
- Pinch of flakey salt
- 1/8 teaspoon fresh black pepper
- Ripe avocado, for garnish
- Marinate the beef in seasoning and lime juice overnight.
- Combine onions, garlic, celery, scallion, parsley and shallots into a large pot. Sauté with olive oil for five to seven minutes over medium heat, or until the vegetables are soft.
- Add the tomatoes, broth, squash, potato, carrots, habanero and marinated meat into the pot. Cover and cook for 60 to 90 minutes over medium-low heat.
- Meanwhile, combine the dumpling ingredients into a medium-sized bowl and mix. Add two tablespoons of water at a time, as needed.
- Take a golf ball-sized portion of dough and roll it between your hands until it becomes elongated.
- Drop the dough balls into the soup one by one. Cook for another 15 to 20 minutes.
- To serve, spoon a heaping portion into a bowl and top with some avocado.
Nutritionist and chef Tessa Nguyen’s dishes are inspired by ingredients that “have been fixtures around the table in many cultures and for many centuries,” such as star anise, cloves, Sichuan pepper and ginger.
Her go-to dish for immune support is a batch of slow cooked pho. “It’s full of nourishing ingredients that fulfill the body’s needs any time of year, but especially during the colder months.”
Nguyen’s recipe is filled with ingredients that are beneficial for immune health, like fresh herbs, vegetables and meat protein.
For the brother:
- 2 pounds of beef
- 1 1/2 teaspoons five spice powder
- 1 tablespoon fish sauce (substitute with soy sauce if you have a fish allergy)
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 1 bunch of green onions, chopped
- Enough water to fill up your slow cooker after adding ingredients above
For the noodles and toppings:
- 1 cup rice noodles
- Shredded beef from pho broth
- Toppings: chopped cilantro, Thai basil leaves, chopped green onions, thinly sliced white onions, bean sprouts, sliced jalapeños, lime wedges, sriracha, hoisin sauce
- In a slow cooker, combine all broth ingredients and set to low heat. Nguyen recommends cooking for 24 hours, but says it still tastes great even after just eight hours.
- Add cooked rice noodles into a bowl and pour the broth over it.
- Add toppings.
Hazel Wallace, a nutritionist and founder of The Food Medicrecommends getting a balance of nutrients from anti-inflammatory foods like chickpeas and lentils, nuts and seeds, olive oil, fish and herbs and spices.
Her cauliflower soup recipe contains turmeric and ginger, both of which have anti-inflammatory properties. “It’s also incredibly warming and nourishing for the fall, or whenever you’re feeling under the weather,” she says.
- 2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
- 1 large (or 2 small heads of cauliflower), cut into florets
- 1 white onion, diced
- 1 heaped teaspoon fresh ginger, grated or diced
- 2 teaspoons ground turmeric
- 3 garlic cloves
- 900 milliliters vegetable stock
- 2 tablespoons soy sauce
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 1 thick slice of one day-old bread
- 3 teaspoons coconut cream (or yogurt), to garnish
- Chili flakes, for garnish
- Fresh coriander, for garnish
- Preheat oven to 356 degrees Fahrenheit. Scatter the cauliflower florets on a large tray. Drizzle with one tablespoon of oil and roast in the oven for 30 minutes until golden.
- Meanwhile, in a large pan, heat 1/2 tablespoon of olive oil and add the white onions. Cook for five minutes until they are translucent.
- Transfer the onions into a blender, along with the turmeric, ginger, garlic, vegetable stock, soy sauce and a pinch of salt. Add the roasted cauliflower and blend until smooth.
- Heat the soup on low heat for about 10 minutes.
- Meanwhile, tear the bread into large chunks.
- Combine the remaining 1/2 tablespoon olive oil with a tablespoon of soy sauce into a large bowl. Add the bread chunks. Place them onto a tray and cook in the oven for eight minutes to toast.
- Serve the soup with a drizzle of coconut cream and top with the chunky croutons, fresh coriander and chili flakes.
We all need a break from hot dishes, even during the colder months.
nutritionist Simone Wilson‘s go-to is a refreshing smoothie blend of banana, mango, hemp seeds, bee pollen, kale, orange juice, yogurt and kale.
“This simple recipe is high in antioxidants, including vitamins C and A, to help fight free radical damage and support the immune system,” she says.
- Half a ripe banana, fresh or frozen
- 1/2 cup mango chunks, fresh or frozen
- 1 cup orange juice
- 1/2 cup unsweetened Greek (or cashew yogurt)
- 3 tablespoons hemp seeds
- 1 teaspoon bee pollen
- 1 handful spinach (or kale)
- 4 ice cubes (leave this out if you are using all frozen fruit)
- Throw all ingredients into a blender and blend on high speed until smooth. Add more liquid if the texture is too thick, or more ice if it’s too thin.
- Serve immediately.